Telegram rlottie 7.0.1_2065 blit Stack Buffer Overflow

Summary

Telegram rlottie 7.0.1_2065 is affected by a Stack Based Overflow in the blit function: a remote attacker might be able to access Telegram’s stack memory out-of-bounds on a victim device. Note: we’ll walk through the android app sources, but the issue applies to iOS and macOS Telegram apps too.

Product description (from vendor)

“Telegram is a cloud-based mobile and desktop messaging app with a focus on security and speed.”. For more information visit https://telegram.org/.

CVE(s)

Details

Root cause analysis

Telegram uses a custom fork of rlottie to render animated stickers. A malicious animated sticker with multiple “maskProperties” might bypass the protection in place against out-of-bounds access during the rendering process. The bound checks in place are not sufficient against a negative index: the resulting offset might point to memory before the target region buffer in https://github.com/DrKLO/Telegram/blob/release-7.0.1_2065/TMessagesProj/jni/rlottie/src/vector/vrle.cpp#L562:

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int    x = spans->x + offsetX;
int    l = spans->len;
if (x + l > len) {
    return;
}

In case spans->x is negative, an out-of-bounds read access is triggered. The read access violation happens shortly later inside the std::max call at https://github.com/DrKLO/Telegram/blob/release-7.0.1_2065/TMessagesProj/jni/rlottie/src/vector/vrle.cpp#L569:

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*ptr = std::max(spans->coverage, *ptr);

where the address of ptr is calculated using the negative span->x:

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uchar *ptr = buffer + x;

Proof of concept

A blogpost will be published soon on our blog with a PoC walkthrough and further details.

Impact

A remote attacker might be able to access Telegram’s stack memory out-of-bounds on a victim device.

Remediation

Upgrade to Telegram 7.1.0 (2090) or later.

Disclosure timeline

  • 30/09/2020:
    • Telegram releases version 7.1.0 (2090) with a patch

Credits

`polict` of Shielder

This advisory was first published on https://www.shielder.it/advisories/telegram-rlottie-blit-stack-buffer-overflow/

Date

16 February 2021